Sons of Heracles v1.2
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This scenario tells the story of Sparta, from the earliest days to the conquest of the Peloponnesus and the hegemony in Greece.
The origins of Sparta are unknown, but it is thought that the city was founded by two branches of the Dorian tribes between 1100 and 900 BC. The first great Spartan King was Teleklos. He conquered Amyklai and Helos, and he successfully fought the first Messenian War. The Messenian Wars are comparable to the Punic Wars that Rome fought against Carthage in the 3rd century BC. After having conquered Messenia in 715 BC, the Messenians revolted again in 669 and threatened the power of Sparta mightily. The Spartans managed to suppress them again, and enslaved all the Messenian citizens. Every year now, they declared war on Messenia and took more slaves, the so-called "Helots". Meanwhile, in the east, they were facing a new enemy, Argos.
Sparta's wars against Argos did not run very well at first, but they quickly learned about Argolian warfare and adopted the system of the Hoplites, the "Hoplitopoliteia". In 546 BC, the Spartans defeated the Argolians. In 550 the Spartans founded the Peloponnesian League, in which they united many Peloponnesian states including Arcadia and Korinthos under their rule. Thus began the golden age of Sparta...
Scenario Files (358 kB)
Sound Files (1.05 MB)